COLLECTION & RESOURCES
Gold was discovered south of Denver.
Gold was discovered south of Denver, stimulating the Pikes Peak Gold Rush. The first Anglo-European settlers arrived at the mouth of Boulder Canyon, breaching the borders of Arapaho territory as defined by the Fort Laramie Treaty. Chief Niwot granted the group the right to spend the winter and then leave, but the settlers did not honor that agreement to leave.
Gold was discovered near Gold Hill.
Gold was discovered near Gold Hill, west of Boulder. The Boulder City Town Company was formed on February 10 and Boulder became a supply base for the miners. The town grew to a population of 343 by 1870, with these settlers defying the terms of the Fort Laramie Treaty.
The first irrigation ditch in Boulder County was dug, and coal was discovered in the Marshall area southeast of Boulder.
Andrew J. Macky erected the first frame building in Boulder on the northeast corner of 14th and Pearl.
Congress voted to create the new Colorado Territory.
Congress voted to create the new Colorado Territory. The admission of new territories was a contentious issue in Congress until the Civil War, which cleared the way for the admission of the free Colorado Territory.
The Congregational Church began to build and move to 11th and Pine Street.
The Congregational Church began to build and move to 11th and Pine Street, at the site of what is now the Carnegie Library, next door to the Museum of Boulder. The hillside spot was chosen so that the bell tower (the County’s first) would be visible to residents for miles around.
Chief Niwot and an estimated 70–500 Native Americans died at the hands of Colorado troops.
Chief Niwot and an estimated 70–500 Native Americans, about two-thirds of whom were women and children, died at the hands of Colorado troops, including officers and men from Boulder, at the Sand Creek Massacre.
Boulder City was incorporated.
Colorado became the 38th state on August 1.
Colorado became the 38th state on August 1. Known as the Centennial State, it was incorporated 100 years after the signing of the Declaration of Independence.
The University of Colorado opened.
The University of Colorado opened on land donated by prominent residents. CU’s first graduating class consisted of men in 1882 and the only building on campus was Old Main.
State Preparatory School (later Boulder High) was founded as part of University because of a lack of adequately prepared high school graduates.
Mary Rippon appointed first woman professor at CU.
Mary Rippon was appointed first woman professor at CU, making her the first female to teach at a state university in the country.
Boulder’s new train depot was dedicated at 14th and Water St (Canyon Blvd).
The Boulder Camera was founded to cover local news and became a daily the next year. Still in publication, today it is known as the Daily Camera.
Women in Colorado won the right to vote.
Women in Colorado won the right to vote, 26 years before the passage of the 19th Amendment, due to a powerful statewide organizing effort in advance of the popular referendum.
A “100-year” flood ravaged Boulder.
Sixty straight hours of warm Spring rain combined with a rapid snowmelt to create a 100-year flood that ravaged Boulder. The floodwaters covered most of the town, inundating much of downtown, destroying buildings and bridges. Boulder was split in two as transportation and communication services were knocked out. Reconstruction began soon after the flood but proved an arduous process.
The Colorado Sanitarium, a branch of Dr. J.H. Kellogg’s Battle Creek Sanitarium in Michigan, dedicated in Boulder.
The Colorado Sanitarium, a branch of Dr. J.H. Kellogg’s Battle Creek Sanitarium in Michigan, was dedicated in Boulder, originally to combat tuberculosis in Boulder’s dry climate and high altitude.
Boulderites approved $20,000 bond election for Texas-Chautauqua Auditorium opened on July 4, 1898.
Boulderites approved a $20,000 bond election for the Texas-Chautauqua Auditorium. Now the Colorado Chautauqua, it hosts lectures, live music, and silent films, and includes the Chautauqua Dining Hall and short-term lodging at the base of the Flatirons. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 2006.
The Colorado & Northwestern Railroad route between Boulder and Ward was named “The Switzerland Trail of America”. It operated until 1919.
Tungsten was discovered in the mountains west of Boulder.
Tungsten was discovered in the mountains west of Boulder. The ore’s value soared, especially when the country’s entry into World War I greatly increased demand. By that time Boulder County was the world’s leading producer of tungsten ore.
Boulder’s request for 1,800 acres of mountain backdrop/watershed extending from South Boulder Creek to Sunshine Canyon was approved by Congress.
The Boulder oil field was discovered on what is now the Diagonal Highway near the Airport.
The Boulder oil field was discovered on what is now the Diagonal Highway near the Airport. It was the first field in what is now a vast oil & gas producing area, the Denver-Julesburg basin.
The Carnegie Library was built with money donated by steel tycoon Andrew Carnegie.
The Carnegie Library was built with money donated by steel tycoon Andrew Carnegie in response to a request from local organizer Clara Savory. Located at 1125 Pine Street, the building was modeled after Greek architecture, reflecting Boulderites’ opinion of their town as the “Athens of the West.” It is now he Carnegie Branch Library for Local History, housing the collections of the Boulder Historical and Genealogical societies.
Boulder passed anti-saloon ordinance.
Boulder passed an anti-saloon ordinance, due to a powerful female-led Prohibition Movement. The City did not officially overturn this measure until 1967, although 3.2% beer was legal beginning with the end of Federal Prohibition in 1933.
First run of electric Interurban train between Boulder and Denver.
First run of electric Interurban train between Boulder and Denver. Its last trip was in 1926.
Ivy Baldwin made a record-breaking high wire walk on a cable stretched 565 feet high across Eldorado Springs canyon. Now, rock climbers from around the world are drawn to Eldorado Springs, the Flatirons and Boulder Canyon. Many of the country’s greatest climbers call Boulder home.
The Boulderado Hotel opened for business on New Year’s Day.
The Boulderado Hotel opened for business on New Year’s Day. The city’s first luxury hotel, it is still welcoming guests in an elegant, historic setting.
3,000 coal miners in Boulder County went on a strike that lasted five years.
The Boulder Canyon Road had been completed in 1871.
The Boulder Canyon Road had been completed in 1871, but it wasn’t until 1911 that the first car, a Stanley Steamer, made the difficult trip up the canyon from Boulder to Nederland. The Steamer replaced the daily stagecoach which had made the 18-mile trip for the previous 40 years.
The process of paving Boulder’s streets began.
With the automobile becoming commonplace, the process of paving Boulder’s streets began in September, at the corner of 18th and Pearl. The paving quickly spread down Pearl Street, the commercial center of town. Fifteen-foot-wide concrete sidewalks were also added on either side of the street, replacing the flagstone walkways.
Hellems was the first building completed in the “Rural Italian” or “Tuscan” style [sandstone and red roof tiles] on the University of Colorado campus.
Hellems Hall was the first building completed in the “Rural Italian” or “Tuscan” style (sandstone and red roof tile) that now dominates the the University of Colorado campus.
The KKK paraded down Pearl Street.
The KKK paraded down Pearl Street. For a few years the Klan played a dark but prominent role in Colorado politics and forced their white supremacy agenda on residents. During that time, the first known African-American female graduate of the University of Colorado, Lucile Berkeley Buchanan Jones was not permitted to walk at her graduation ceremony.